This research aims developing a framework to link the under-provision of care with the spatial organization of care to provide a basis for exploring directions to mitigate it. The overarching research question is “What is the role of spatial organization of care in fostering or hindering caring neighborhoods?” I investigate the densification processes as a reorganization of space in urban settlements to see how care as a social relationship and an essential resource for survival changes in this process. I hypothesize that the governance of this spatial reorganization of care provision takes place at the intersection of housing policy, land-use planning, and social security system, embedded within the broader scheme of the social policy, namely the welfare state regime. This research embraces the multidimensionality of care, conceptualizes care as a human-made resource, and explores the political process of negotiating social and financial interests regarding the spaces of care. By taking a neo-institutionalist approach, we identify the formal and informal institutions determining the policy realm of care and the actors involved in determining the condition of the care as a resource given the institutions.